HomeBasic activity directions sa sa

Basic activity directions:

The study of molecular mechanisms of electrochemical and metabolic transformations of solar energy in photosynthesis; the evaluation of molecular mechanisms of plant tolerance to abiotic and biotic factors; comparative study of the organization and expression of eukaryotic genomes; refinement and validation of macromolecular structures; elucidation of ways to solve problems of agriculture and human health using methods of molecular biology and cell biotechnology, the development, study and optimization of biomimetic models of photosynthesis

Main scientific achievements :

For the first time, the enzyme carbonic anhydrase of plant origin was crystallized functional-structural organization of the enzyme was studied comprehensively and molecular model of the quaternary structure of the enzyme was proposed;

Topographic model of the pigment-protein complexes in thylakoid membranes of higher plants was proposed and molecular-genetic mechanisms of their formation and assembly were elucidated;

Contrary to ideas on the wastefulness of photorespiration existing in the world science for a long time, experiments performed with contrasting genotypes grown under field conditions confirmed that photorespiration is one of the important metabolic processes formed during evolution and attempts of reducing photorespiration for increasing plant productivity are unsubstantiated;

Genomic library of chloroplast DNA was created, vector systems were constructed for transferring alien genes into plants and transgenic plants were obtained;

For the first time in Azerbaijan nucleotide sequence of citS gene encoding malate/citrate simporter protein was established using the "Chromosome walking" method and a new Nested PCR method was developed to determine the Stolbur group (XII). For the first time, various isolates of the 'Ca. P. solani' species endemic for Europe and the Mediterranean area were detected. For the first time in Azerbaijan interspecies recombination was found for phytoplasmas of fruit (pear) trees;

For the first time in Azerbaijan as a result of sequence analysis of 16S ribosome gene 'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' was detected in grape plants and it was found to cause the dangerous disease "Bois noir";

During combined investigations of wild and cultural leguminous plants in several Europe countries, a new nanovirus - Black medic leaf roll virus (BMLRV) was identified in chickpea plants gathered in Ganja and its complete genome was sequenced. As a result of the complete sequencing of five isolates of Faba bean necrotic yellow virus (FBNYV) in bean from Azerbaijan and Spain and four isolates of Faba bean necrotic stunt virus (FBNSV) in chickpea, pea, lentils and bean plants from Azerbaijan, FBNSV was identified in Europe for the first time;

New specific RAPD primers were established for the identification of 3Eb and 6Eb chromosomes of the wild cereals Thinopyrum bessarabicum having Eb genome; Adaptation mechanisms of wheat to water deficiency were determined based on the levels of formation of free radicals during the all phases of ontogenesis of wheat plants cultivated under soil drought conditions, antioxidant defense systems, structural-functional state of photosynthetic membranes and evaluation of tolerance potential using molecular markers;

TSSPlant computer program for searching plant RNT polimerase II promotors having 20% higher accuracy compared with existing programs was created and given to free use of researchers http://www.cbrc.kaust.edu.sa/download/;

Biotechnological propagation method was developed which allows obtaining 10-25 saffron (Crocus sativus L.) microbulbs in one tube under in vitro conditions;

Morphogenetic properties of the Shirvan-Shah grape variety cultivated under artificial conditions were studied during microclonal propagation, various cultivation conditions were elucidated in relation to trophic factors, and a high infection degree with pathogens of viral nature was established.