HomeSamra Tahir Mirzayeva sa sa

                                                                                               Samra Tahir Mirzayeva                                                       

Place of birth

Baku city

Date of birth



Baku State University (BSU)

Scientific degree




Speciality code and title for PhD thesis


Molecular biology

“Diagnosis and identification of viruses infecting tomato plants in Azerbaijan and the study of pathogen induced alterations”

Total number of printed scientific publications


Number of scientific publications printed abroad


Number of papers published in journals indexed and abstracted in international databases


Number of patents and certificates of authorship


Staff training:

-          number of  PhDs


Basic scientific achievements

The dissertaion deals with diagnostics and identification of viruses at the molecular level in tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum L.) widespread in Azerbaijan, and the results of the study of structural and functional alterations in plants induced by viral infections. During numerous monitorings conducted in various regions of Azerbaijan, characteristic symptoms of viral diseases were detected. Based on the results of immunochromatographic test and immunoenzymatic analysis (IEA), RNA viruses, such as Tobamovirus, Cucumovirus, Tospovirus, Crinivirus, Curtovirus, Nepovirus, Potyvirus, Potexvirus, DNA viruses Geminivirus, and mixed infections of Tobamovirus were detected in tomato plants. As a result of RT-PCR analysis carried out by using universal and specific primers, Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), Tomato mosaic virus (ToMV), Pepper mild mottle virus (PMMoV) were identified at molecular level in samples taken from Absheron peninula and Salyan region, Tobacco etech virus (TEV) in the samples taken from Guba and Khachmaz regions and Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) in samples collected in the Masalli region. As a result of PCR and sequence analysis of amplification products conducted with TY1(+) and TY2(-) primers, molecular diagnostics of Germiniviruses was performed at the species level for the first time in Azerbaijan. As a result, tomato samples collected in the Absheron peninsula were found infected with Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) and genomic nucleotide sequences of the isolate were placed in GenBank with accession number KY412552. Moreover, the changes occurring in the antioxidant defense system and photosynthetic apparatus were studied in virus-infected tomato plants. The studies revealed that viral infections lead to significant differences in activities and electrophoretic spectra of antioxidant enzymes (APO, BPO, GPO). A new isoform of ascorbate peroxidase enzyme and two new isoforms of benzidine-peroxidase and guaiacol peroxidase were induced in leaves during pathogenesis. In leaves of 24 tomato plants sharp increases in the amounts of glycine betaine and H2O2 which is considered to be a stress indicator was accompanied by the inhibition of the synthesis of photosynthetic pigments under the effect of Tobamovirus infections and their mixed forms. Photochemical efficiency of PSII and synthesis of its 47; 33; 29-24 and 17-15 kDa proteins decreased significantly, which is attributed to the changes in the molecular structure of PSI and in the electron transport systems of PSI and PSII. Based on the phytopathological and statistical analyses, it was concluded that the rate of spread and severity of viral diseases in tomato plants in the Salyan region was more acute compared to other vegetable growing regions of Azerbaijan

Names of scientific works

  1. Huseynova I.M., Mirzayeva S.M., Sultanova N.F., Aliyeva D.R., Mustafayev N.Sh., Aliyev J.A. (2018) Virus-induced changes in photosynthetic parameters and peroxidase isoenzyme contents in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) plants. Photosynthetica, Springer, v. 56, No 3, p. 841-850.  (IF - 1,740).

  1. Verdin E., Desbiez C., Wipf-Scheibel C., Gognalons P., Kheyr-Pour A., Gronenborn B., Mirzayeva S., Sultanova N., Mammadov A., Huseynova I. (2018) First report of tomato yellow leaf curl virus infecting tomato in Azerbaijan. Journal of Plant Pathology, Springer, v. 100, № 2, pp. 333-335.  (IF - 0.944).
  2. Desbiez C., Verdin E., Moury B., Lecoq H., Millot P., Wipf-Scheibel C., Mirzayeva S., Sultanova N., Balakishiyeva G., Mammadov A., Kheyr-Pour A., Huseynova I. (2018) Prevalence and molecular diversity of the main viruses infecting Cucurbit and Solanaceous crops in Azerbaijan. European Journal of Plant Pathology, Springer, v. 153, № 2, pp. 359-369.  (IF-1.466).


  1. Sultanova N.F., Mirzayeva S.T., Bayramova N.K., Huseynova I.M. (2018) Natural occurrence of tomato viruses in Azerbaijan. АМЕА-nın Xəbərləri (biologiya və tibb elmləri), cild 73, № 2, səh. 10-18.
  2. Mirzayeva S.T., Sultanova N.F., Aliyeva D.R., Huseynova I.M. (2018) Content of dry biomass, relative water content, glycine-betaine and hydrogen peroxide in virus-infected leaves of tomato plant. Transactions of the Institute of Molecular Biology & Biotechnologies of ANAS, v. II, p. 9-15.
  3. Bayramova N.K., Mirzayeva S.T., Sultanova N.F., Khanishova M.A., Tagiyeva K.R., Huseynova I.M. (2017) Some anatomical changes in grapevine and tomato leaf tissues infected with GLRaV-3 and CMV viruses. Transactions of the Institute of Molecular Biology & Biotechnologies of ANAS, v. I, p. 50-55.
  4. Hüseynova İ.M., Mirzəyeva S.T., Məmmədov Ə.Ç., Əliyev C.Ə. (2015) Azərbaycanda tərəvəz bitkilərini yoluxduran qarışıq virus infeksiyaları haqqında ilk məlumat: onların yayılması və diaqnostikası. АМЕА-nın Xəbərləri (biologiya və tibb elmləri), cild 70, №1,  s. 5-10.
  5. Əliyeva D.R., Mirzəyeva S.T., Sultanova N.F., Hüseynova İ.M. (2015) Tobamoviruslarla yoluxmuş tomat bitkisində malondihidin miqdarı, peroksidaza fermentlərinin fəallığı və izoferment tərkibi. АМЕА-nın Xəbərləri (biologiya və tibb elmləri), cild 70, № 2, s. 19-24.
  6. Huseynova İ.M., Sultanova N.F., Mirzayeva S.T., Aliyev J.A. (2015) Serological and molecular detection of virus infections of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) plants in Azerbaijan. Reports of ANAS, No 3, p.73-77.
  7. Mirzəyeva S.T., Sultanova N.F. (2019) Distribution and incidence of cucumber mosaic virus in tomato plants (Solanum lycepersicum L.) in Azerbaijan. Baku Higher Oil School, First National Students Scientific Conference dedicated to the 96th  anniversary of the National Leader of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev p. 93-94.
  8. Mirzəyeva S.T., Mehrəlizadə Q.O., Sultanova N.F. (2018) Tobacco mosaic virus ilə yoluxmuş  tomat bitkisinin yarpaqlarında bəzi fizioloji göstəricilərin öyrənilməsi. Botaniki tədqiqatlarda yeni çağırışlar. s. 279.
  9. Mirzayeva S.T., Sultanova N.F., Mehralizade G.O. (2018) Molecular detection of main viruses of tomato plants in Azerbaijan. Conference of Young scientists and students İnnovations in Biology and Agriculture to Solve Global Challenges. Baku, p. 48.
  10. Sultanova N.F., Mirzayeva S.T. (2018) Molecular characterization of viruses occuring on Cucurbitaceous and Solanaceous crops in Azerbaijan. Conference of innovations in biology and agriculture to solve global challenges. Baku, p. 52.
  11. Mirzayeva S.T., Sultanova N.F., Huseynova İ.M. (2016) Serological detection of Cucember mosaic virus infecting tomato plants (Solanum lycepersicum L.). Abstracts of International Conference of “İnnovative Approaches to Conservation of Biodiversity” dedicated to 80th anniversary of the Institute of Botany of ANAS, Baku, Azerbaijan, p. 158.
  12. Desbiez C., Verdin E., Moury B., Kheyr-Pour A., Sultanova N., Mirzayeva S., Mammadov A., Huseynova I., Aliyev J., Gronenborn B. (2016) Molecular analysis of virus diseases in vegetable crops and legumes in Azerbaijan. Abstracts of İnternational Conference “Innovative Approaches to Coservation of Biodiversity” dedicated to 80 th anniversary of the Institute of Botany of ANAS, Baku, Azerbaijan, s. 19.
  13. Sultanova N.F., Mirzayeva S.T., Gurbanova M.F. (2016) Virus diseases of tomato and pepper crops in Azerbaijan. IV International Conference of Young Researchers, Baku, Gafqaz University, p. 277.
  14. Huseynova I.M., Sultanova N.F., Mirzayeva S.M., Aliyeva D.R., Balakishiyeva G.Sh., Aliyev J.A. (2016) Virus-induced changes in photosynthetic apparatus and antioxidant enzyme activities in tomato leaves. 13th International Plant Virus Epidemiology Symposium. Avignon, France, p. 65.
  15. Sultanova N.F., Mirzayeva S.T., Aliyeva O.F., Huseynova İ.M. (2015) Serological and molecular diagnostics of major viral infections of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) plants in Azerbaijan. 2 nd International Plant Breeding Congress. Turkey, Antalya, p. 307.
  16. Sultanova N.F., Mirzəyeva S.T., Hüseynova I.M. (2015) Azərbaycanda pomidor bitkisini yoluxduran virus xəstəliklərinin seroloji metodlarla diaqnostikası. “Müasir biologiyanın innovasiya problemləri” mövzusunda V Beynəlxalq elmi konfrans, Bakı, BDU, s. 107-108.
  17. Mirzəyeva S.T. (2014)  Fizioloji turş duzların toxumların cücərmə prosesinə təsiri. “Müasir biologiyanın innovasiya problemləri” mövzusunda IV Beynəlxalq elmi konfrans, Bakı: BDU, s. 39-40.
  18. Mirzəyeva S.T. (2014) Fizioloji turş duzların toxumların şişmə prosesinə təsiri. “Müasir biologiyanın innovasiya problemləri” mövzusunda IV Beynəlxalq elmi konfrans, Bakı, BDU, s. 40-41.
  19. Mirzəyeva S.T., Sultanova N.F.  (2020) “Koronavirus pandemiyasi: elmi tədqiqatlardan sağlam gələcəyin təminatına doğru” mövzusunda beynəlxalq onlayn konfrans, Bakı, s.


Membership with international and foreign scientific organizations


Pedagogical activity

teaching master students "Regulation mechanisms of genetic information expression” at the İnstitute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnologies, ANAS.

Other activities


Awards and prizes

  •  honorary degree of ANAS (2016).
  •  lll place certificate on competition held by ANAS Presidium  dedicated to 95th anniversary of Azerbaijani National Leader Heydar Aliyev (2018).
  •  a reward for successful activities in 2018 year by Azaerbaijan Ministry of Youth and Sports on February 2, 2019.
  •  the prize for those who excel in science, education, culture, youth policy and youth work, social and public activities, innovation, and entrepreneurship in accordance with the order of President Ilham Aliyev on awarding the Presidential Prizes for Youth in 2021.

Place of work and its address

Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnologies of ANAS, Izzat Nabiyev st.11, Baku, AZ1073  


Scientific worker

Office phone

(+994 12) 538 11 64


(+994 50) 415 83 78




(+994 12 510 24 33