On May 22, the next scientific seminar was held at the Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnologies. At the seminar, Sayali Mustafayeva, a junior researcher of the Population genomics laboratory, spoke on the topic "Alzheimer's disease: etiology and pathogenesis, molecular genetics and treatment prospects". The speaker noted that neurodegenerative diseases are caused by the progressive loss of the structure or function of neurons. Such neuronal damage can lead to cell death. Because there is no known way to reverse the progressive degeneration of neurons, these diseases are considered incurable. Research shows that the two main factors that cause neurodegeneration are oxidative stress and inflammation. Treatments available to date are only symptomatic. At the same time, antidepressants are used for behavioral symptoms of the disease. SMustafayeva noted that risk factors such as age (the main factor), genetics, head trauma, high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, depression, cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure, and smoking lead to the strengthening of Alzheimer's disease. Then discussions were held around the topic.